As of adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Serbia in 2006 and adoption of the new Law on the Prohibition of Discrimination of 2009, there seems to have been numerous texts and publications about the principle of equality and prohibition of discrimination. The institution of the Commissioner for the Protection of Equality has been established and it decides on the complaints of the citizens every day, leads strategic litigations and submits annual reports to the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia and the public. The principle of prohibition of discrimination has a significant place in the ratified international treaties and national regulations. Action plan for the Chapter 23 defines harmonization of the law of the Republic of Serbia with the law of the European Union as one of the key instruments in the process of negotiations of Serbia for the accession to the EU, emphasizing the principle of antidiscrimination as one of the basic rights. However, despite numerous legislative and institutional activities undertaken as a part of fulfilment of the obligations of Serbia for the purpose of accession to the European Union, while preforming its regular activity of provision of free legal aid, the Lawyers’ Committee for Human Rights – YUCOM has had a chance to hear the experiences and problems faced by the citizens exposed to discrimination. Both governmental and non-governmental entities have issued many manuals defining the term and protection against discrimination, and we are witnesses that those who need this protection the most are often not sufficiently informed. This is the answer to the question as to why we need another publication on discrimination.